The Modern Slavery Bill
28 Nov 2014 12:00 am by Mark Dunn
The process of introducing a Bill is outlined in a report from the UK Government News feed. Published LONDON, June 16, the article notes that 'This Bill is expected to have its second reading debate on a date to be announced.' The Bill was presented to Parliament on 10 June 2014. This is known as the first reading and there was no debate on the Bill at this stage.
Progress of the bill can be viewed at http://services.parliament.uk/bills/2014-15/modernslavery.html.
What are the benefits of The Modern Slavery Bill?
The Bill would provide law enforcement with stronger tools to stamp out modern slavery, ensure slave drivers can receive suitably severe punishments and enhance protection of and support for victims. The Bill includes provisions to:
- ensure that perpetrators can receive suitably severe punishments for crimes – including life sentences
- introduce new orders to enhance the court's ability to place restrictions on individuals where this is necessary to protect people from the harm caused by modern slavery offences
- create an Anti-Slavery Commissioner to improve and better coordinate the response to modern slavery
introduce a defence for victims of slavery and trafficking compelled to commit an offence
- create an enabling power for child trafficking advocates
- introduce a new reparation order to encourage the courts to compensate victims where assets are confiscated from perpetrators
- close gaps in the law to enable the police and Border Force to stop boats where slaves are suspected of being held or trafficked
How did the Government respond?
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (UK) source feed highlighted the policy paper 'Response to pre-legislative scrutiny of the draft Modern Slavery Bill':
'Modern slavery is an appalling crime. Traffickers and slave masters use whatever means they have at their disposal to coerce, deceive and force individuals into a life of abuse, servitude and inhumane treatment. Organised crime groups systematically exploit large numbers of individuals by forcing and coercing them into a life of abuse and degradation. It has no place in this country today.
The Government is determined to give law enforcement the tools to stamp out modern slavery, while enhancing support for, and protection of, victims. This will be taken forward through the Modern Slavery Bill. This will be amongst the first Acts specifically tackling modern slavery in the world and reflects the Government's determination that the UK lead the global fight against modern slavery.'
The Yorkshire Weekly Newspaper Group reported how Jo Cox, a charity campaigner who also happens to be Labour's prospective parliamentary candidate for Batley and Spen, has spoken in support of the Modern Slavery Bill. Mrs Cox, who is a senior advisor to the Freedom Fund, said: "I have met deeply traumatised Congolese and Ugandan children who as young as eight were forcibly recruited by warlords as child soldiers. … After the Home Secretary had previously refused European co-operation to stop human trafficking, the Government is right to bring forward new measures to tackle this evil." Mrs Cox' article in the Yorkshire Post notes that 'There is strong cross-party support for this legislation in the UK but it will be crucial that Ministers and MPs ensure the Bill is strong enough to deal with an ever-shifting trade.'
The June 2014 Human Trafficking Awareness Index for the UK stood at 157% which reflects 374 trafficking-related articles published by the British and Irish media during June 2014 compared to 329 the previous month.
The LexisNexis Human Trafficking Awareness Index™ data model highlights emerging trends and patterns of awareness within and across national borders. The Index uses the respected Nexis® service to track and analyse the volume of articles related to human trafficking. Using a licensed collection of almost 6,000 of the most influential news sources from more than 120 countries, the HTA Index highlights emerging trends and patterns of awareness within and across national borders. Activists working to combat human trafficking can use this information to highlight and raise awareness to inform their efforts and gain greater understanding of the news.